Ref. : 3793-11-en



"Dragon" Vase in Black "Onyx" Crystal.



France, ca 1882

H :  24,3 cm /  9.6 in.
max :  15 cm / 5.9 in.



"Dragon Vase".
Vase in solid black "onyx" crystal, blown and worked with the tools. Chinese style decor with dragons and bats painted with in relief white enamels and gold.



Signature : Original paper label under the vase.

References: Archives of the maison Baccarat; drawing of the project 3110 - 1882.











With its painted enamels in relief decor embellished with gold on a body made in black onyx crystal, this beautiful and extremely rare vase, is highly iconic of the Chinese influenced creations of Baccarat during the 1870-1900's period.

At the 1839's 'Exposition Nationale des Produits de l’Industrie Française' (National Exhibition of Products of French Industry) Baccarat will receive a gold medal for its colorful crystals imitating the black or red lava or malachite. Technically very difficult to achieve black crystal or 'onyx' crystal can only be produced by the addition of five different oxides (cobalt, copper, chromium, iron and manganese).
An extraordinary model:

In 2011, considering this vase as extraordinary and part of its iconic creations Baccarat re-edited the Dragon Vase for its Memory Collection, in a limited edition of 99.
However, this re-creation, only made in gold, with a printed decor and no longer in relief does not reach the quality of the original vase of 1882.

Typically used during the 1840's-1860's on small pieces (ink, cups or cups), black crystal will find a new use with the black Pearl Vase (Baccarat) and different shapes of Chinese or Japanese style vases in the 1878's Exposition Universelle de Paris (Paris Universal Exhibition).

Although engraved or cut "regular classical" decors where directly made at the manufacture, the "fantaisie" ones where made in Paris in a dedicated special workshop located 30 rue de Paradis.



more information...


Selective Biography

Compagnie des Cristalleries de BACCARAT ( from 1764 - to the present)

In 1764, King Louis XV issued a royal warrant to establish a glass-making factory in the village of Baccarat in Lorraine in eastern France.
In 1855, at the World Exhibition in Paris, Baccarat won its first award (Gold Medal).
It was not until the 1860’ that the Company started to sign its pieces by affixing a small paper label or a stamp on the bronze. This signature will last until 1936 (except for the chandeliers). It was also during this period that the production of the Company took its level and built a worldwide reputation.
At the end of the nineteenth century, Baccarat opened in Paris a depot/bronze workshop and shop at the 30-30bis rue de Paradis.

In the 1920’s Baccarat started to sign his perfume bottles with an acid (or by sandblasting) round stamp but it was not until 1936 that it signed each piece.

Selective Bibliography

Revue :
De Liesville, (A.-R.), « Les Industries d'Art au Champ de Mars, IV-2 Verrerie », dans L'Art Moderne à l'Exposition de 1878, Publication de la Gazette des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1879, p. 434.

Exibition Catalogue :
Lerch , (M.), « Le Japonisme », dans Baccarat, la légende du Cristal, Petit Palais, Paris [exposition du 15 novembre 2014 - 04 janvier 2015], Paris, p. 55-56.

Books :
Cappa, (G.), Le Génie Verrier de l'Europe, Témoignages, De l'Historicisme à la Modernité (1840-1998), Sprimont-Belgique, 1998, p. 170 à 187, fig. 28, 291 et p. 370-377, fig. 647.
Ennès, (P.), Histoire du Verre, Au Carrefour de l'Art et de l'Industrie, Le XIXe siècle, Paris, 2006, p. 179 et 183.
Lambourne, (L.), Japonisme, Echanges culturels entre le Japon et l'Occident, Paris, 2007.
Olland, (P.), L'Art Verrier 1900, de l'Art Nouveau à l'Art Déco au travers des collections privées, Dijon, France, 2007, p. 14, fig. 1.
Sautot, (D.), Baccarat, une histoire, 1764..., Édition de Baccarat, France, 1993, p. 54-60, fig. p. 48-49.
Wichmann, (S.), Japonisme, Paris, 1982, p. 314-323.